포도 사태

본문의 키워드:포도 사태 to English(#1508)
  
  The Peach Tree Incident refers to the acts of destruction by Japanese forces to Chinese peach trees in the region near the Sino-Korean border in 1933 during the Japanese occupation of Manchuria. This incident has been referred to as one of the sparks that caused the Second Sino-Japanese War.
  
  At the time, the region next to the Sino-Korean border was known as the Jiandao area, a region with only sparsely populated rural towns and villages. It was mainly a marshy land which was called the “Three Province Swamp” located where the Changbai, Tumen, and Yalu rivers meet. The swampy land, generally unsuitable for agriculture, was populated by only a small number of Chinese people.
  
  On October 8, 1933, local Chinese farmers reported to the Chinese front line garrison that Japanese forces had destroyed a number of peach trees in a village Pinchao. The political repercussions of this incident were serious. The Chinese government had a complicated relationship with the Japanese empire, and this incident was a clear violation of China’s sovereignty.
  
  The Chinese government lodged an official protest against the Japanese government’s action, which the Japanese denied. It became a diplomatic incident between the two governments and was called the “Peach Tree Incident”. The Chinese-led League of Nations investigated the issue and found that the Japanese had indeed destroyed the trees and fined them a sum equivalent to around 800 US dollars. Although the Japanese paid the fine, they refused to accept responsibility for any wrongdoing.
  
  The incident became a large public issue in China and was seen as an insult to Chinese sovereignty. It became a rallying point for those that saw the need for the Chinese people to stand up and fight against the Japanese invasions. It was seen as a sign of continued humiliation for the Chinese people and led to a build-up of increasing anti-Japanese sentiment. Grassroots movements across the country started to protest the occupation and the policies of the Japanese. This incident became a major spark to the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937.
  
  The Japanese government tried to reach a settlement with the Chinese government in order to ease tensions before the conflict escalated, but the Chinese government did not agree. The two countries continued to struggle over the region and eventually war broke out between the two countries.
  
  The Peach Tree Incident also famously inspired a poem by Chinese poet Tao Yuanming, who wrote about the beauty of the peach trees, a beauty that was destroyed by the Japanese. Tao’s poem became a symbol of resistance for the Chinese people against Japan and the war that followed. The incident is still remembered in China today as a dark moment in their history.